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Cambodia already lost $1.5 billion (10% of GDP) in 2015 from the negative effects of climate change (ADB, 2016). Flooding has a serious impact on agriculture in the cropping and livestock sectors. Analysts predict that, in 2050 climate change would affect 7 million Cambodians employed in the agriculture sector (Talberth & Reytar, 2014).
Majority of Cambodians (82%) are rural smallholder farmers. These farmers, especially women and other vulnerable groups, will struggle to cope with the impacts of climate change (CDRI, 2013). Their agricultural practices mainly depend on rainwater that would be difficult in dry season, especially vegetable gardens. A small piece of land around their back yard is left as a fallow without effective use for more productivity. In addition, the practices of farming and gardening of smallholders in rural areas lack the proper techniques to deal with the current climate change in Cambodia.
It is clear that there is a pressing need to tackle the issue of climate change in Cambodia, and Livestock Development for Community Livelihood Organization (LDC) has the solution for this.
At LDC, we aim to address the issue of climate change in Cambodia. The Cricket Farming & Chaya Gardening Project is our solution to the specific challenge of Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience (CCar) to reduce livelihood vulnerability of the rural poor.
The project is to provide stallholder farmers job opportunities and constantly cash their income by establishing cricket farming and chaya gardening. Cricket farming is a short production cycle within 40 days, while Chaya can be harvested after 3 months of planting, and can be continued to harvest within every 45 days cycle. Through a simple technology of cricket pen, cricket farming would help in mitigating the impacts of climate change in order to build farmers’ resilience. A cricket pen is designed for use on land and by floating on water in case the target area is flooding. This design allows farmers rear cricket without any damages during the flood. Farmers can grow Chaya along the fence of their house or on any piece of their fallow land. Chaya is tolerant to long periods of drought in dry season and requires less water for surviving.
For more information on our solution, do refer to our Slide Deck.