Elephant Corridors

The Elephant Corridors program seeks to protect wild Asian Elephants and ensure their long term survival. WTI plans to restore connectivity between disconnected forested habitats, facilitating unhindered movement of elephants through this corridor.

By

Wildlife Trust of India (WTI)

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Social causes

Beneficiaries

SDGs covered

Endorsed by

Charities Aid Foundation India

CAF India provides strategic and management support to corporates, individuals and PSUs to ensure greater impact of their philanthropic and CSR investments.

Market of Implementation

  • India

Problem

The Western Ghats in southern India are among the identified 35 global biodiversity hotspots. However, the landscape includes vast areas of human habitation which have resulted in the degradation and fragmentation of forest habitats and increased incidences of Human Elephant Conflict. WTI has identified 19 elephant corridors in the larger landscape, including 13 in the Western Ghats-Nilgiri Plateau. The Periya at Pakranthalam Elephant Corridor presently passes through narrow and undulating forests between two villages. The corridor is situated on a hill road and the lower reaches of this corridor pass through fallow estate lands. The width of the corridor ranges between 0-300 metres and is in places critically narrow for the free movement of elephants between the two larger forested habitats. Further, the corridor area is impinged upon by a cellphone tower, fenced farmlands and plantations on private lands, further hindering the free movement of elephants. WTI is planning necessary action to restore elephant movement through this corridor.

Solution

WTI’s project aims to re-establish the natural habitat connectivity and increase the width of the Periya at Pakranthalam Elephant Corridor by securing 31.8 acres of private land currently preventing unhindered elephant movement. WTI will conterminously work towards getting the corridor area notified by the State Forest Department and legally protected under the appropriate laws to prevent further encroachment and developmental activities detrimental to animal movement. Close partnerships with the local communities in the form of outreach programmes, and providing advice and resources to reduce conflict are also vital. The benefit of the core strategy of land purchase, however, is that it provides a certainty to the habitat’s future and ensures that it will be protected in perpetuity. The following outcomes will indicate a successful corridor securement:
  1. Unhindered elephant movement between the two ranges of Periya Reserve Forest through land securement
  2. Usage of corridor areas by elephants and other wildlife, which will be monitored to assess the impact of land securement
  3. Legal protection of secured corridor land
  4. Villagers living on the fringe of the corridor sensitised about the criticality of the corridor area
  5. Local Community Based Organisations institutionalised as Green Corridor Champions (GCCs) to monitor and protect the corridor
  

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