AVPN Global Conference 2023 | 20 - 22 June 2023


Makmur Biogas-to-Energy Projects

After the successful implementation of its proof of concept Hamparan, Gree next stage of development is to develop 4 new biogas facilities, the Makmur project is set to be built in 2021.


GREE New Energy

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Social causes


SDGs covered

Endorsed by

Earthcare Foundation

Market of Implementation

  • Indonesia


Gree’s Biogas solutions address three environmental and social issues, namely:
  • Climate change: global warming is likely to be the greatest cause of 20-30% species extinction in this century according to the IPCC. Primary food processors in Indonesia generate more than 50 MT of CO2 eq p.a.
  • Energy for all: millions of households in Indonesia, especially in rural areas, experience electricity shortage, unpredictable power outage and unstable connections. Biogas-to-energy represents an untapped potential of 2.5 GW of base load power capacity in Indonesia’s rural areas.
  • Clean water: 75% of the rivers in the country are seriously polluted. Primary food processors in Indonesia generate more wastewater than 185 M population-equivalent


Gree designs and provides biogas-to-energy facilities that contribute to the sustainable production of food commodities. Hamparan, our first project, is one of the largest grid-connected biogas-to-energy project in Indonesia, providing enough electricity for 19 villages, reducing 65,000 tonnes of CO2 emissions a year whilst also treating more than 600,000 m3 of industrial wastewater annually.

About 95% of the more than 1,000 Indonesian primary food processing facilities are yet to be equipped by adequate biogas technology. Scaling up biogas solutions would allow the food industry making the switch from a resource consumption rationale to a more sustainable model and practically address the major issues of climate change, energy for all and clean water.

Type of Carbon Reduced/Sequestered

CO2 (Carbon Dioxide), Methane

Amount of Carbon Dioxide Equivalent Avoided/Sequestered

331,000 CO2e: 280,000 CO2e from methane avoidance (wastewater treatment) and 51,000 CO2e from the substitution of brown electricity from the grid.

Means of Measurement

Methane avoidance: to quantify the amount of GHG avoided from the anaerobic wastewater treatment facility, we will be using the UNFCCC methodology AMSIII-H. Such measurements will be certified by an auditor and registered under the Verra carbon registry. Clean energy: the green power produced will substitute the brown power currently distributed by the Indonesian electrical grid which mostly relies on coal. To quantify the amount of GHG avoided we are using the UNFCCC methodology AMSI-D.

Project’s Environment & Climate Capability

Climate Risk Reduction

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