Click here to learn more about the Impact Organisation
Gender-based violence (GBV) or violence against women and girls (VAWG), is a global pandemic that affects 1 in 3 women in their lifetime. The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women was signed by 189 countries, including India, in 1980.The United Nations declared a response to violence against women and girls imperative in 2006, and it was identified as a health priority in World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines of 2013. Elimination of violence against women and girls in public and private is a target for the fifth Sustainable Development Goal.
However, there is little evidence of improvement. Globally, 30% (95% CI 28, 32) of women have ever experienced physical or sexual violence by an intimate partner, or sexual violence by a non-partner. The question of how to achieve substantial reductions in violence against women in low- and middle-income countries is central to current debate.
At SNEHA, we believe the ultimate goal of prevention is to stop something from ever happening. Violence against women and children is, however, a ‘wicked’ problem. It cuts across class, caste, culture and geographical boundaries and its determinants are both multilevel and intersectional. This means that it is imperative that we act at all levels and with an understanding of the intersectionality.
Using a socio-ecologic model as a framework for action at different levels to prevent violence, from the individual to the home to the community to society, we tackle the interplay between levels and intersectional factors through primary, secondary and tertiary prevention strategies.
Primary prevention activities are carried out through campaigns and group education with women’s and men’s groups, leading to individual voluntarism to identify, respond to and refer cases of violence against women and children. Secondary prevention is offered through delivery of comprehensive services that provide counselling.