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According to UNFAO1, one third of food produced in the world is wasted and never reaches a plate to be served. At the same time, there are more than 1 billion people around the world lacking access to nutritious balanced meals. There is enough food for everyone but the lack of knowledge regarding food waste and adequate distribution channels is the main challenge in redistributing nutritious meals. That’s why at SOS, we collect surplus food (all of which is inspected by our Food Safety Supervisors) from food businesses and distributes them to communities in need. Food is one of the most fundamental expenses that anyone has, the hope is that by mitigating the financial pressure to put food on the table for the next day and it allows a person to invest more time and finances into planning for other necessities for his/her future.
We take total weight of rescued surplus food (in Kilograms) times 1.9. We benchmark the calculation from https://watchmywaste.com.au/food-waste-greenhouse-gas-calculator/ to figure the amount of CO2 emissions.
Once food donors agree to join SOS, our staff provides training to their staff. We have refrigerated trucks and trucks with staff to rescue surplus food on a daily basis. At the end of the day, SOS arrives at communities and distribute food at the drop point. We take the total weight of rescued surplus food (in kg) to calculate the amount of theoretical CO2 emissions of the food's original destination of decomposition or rotting in a landfill. Utilizing data from social departments, localized foundations, and other socially beneficial organisations, we allocate food to the most needy regions. We also work with relevant organisations to then engage with the vulnerable communities to find the real needs and problems on malnutrition & starvation. Through our food rescue programs SOS mitigates the amount of CO2 emitted through the decomposition of the “food waste” whilst providing the impoverished communities with nutritional aid. Any rescued food deemed unfit for human consumption is utilized for soil enrichment through composting. The composting process of layering the food waste with soil and dry organic matter to capture CO2 through sequestration into the soil, without releasing the GHG into the environment. The compost is used ini our other project (SOS "Sustainable Garden"), where compost is used to stimulate vegetables growth, which are then used in our Food Rescue Kitchens to provide nutritional meals.