Surfacing Innovative Solutions for Reducing Marine Plastic Pollution


Over 8 million metric tonnes (MMT) of plastic leaks into the oceans every year. Approximately 80 percent of this comes from land-based sources such as beach litter and sewage effluent, including waste entering through rivers. About 60 percent of land-based plastic waste leakage originates in five countries, all of which are in Asia: China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. In a business-as-usual scenario, these countries are likely to more than double their plastic waste by 2025.

This study evaluates solutions available to reduce marine plastic pollution in Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. The insights cited in this report are based on deskbased reviews and semi-structured interviews conducted with AVPN members and a range of social purpose organisations (SPOs), including nonprofits and social enterprises.

It will:

  1. Provide desk-based landscape analysis of the current situation in these countries;
  2. Highlight the interventions applied so far;
  3. Identify challenges and opportunities for future social investment.

Click on the cover image to download the report or read the executive summary here.




A. Environmental Stewardship
To protect the environment, we organize programmes like mangrove nursery and Reforestation, Coastal and River Clean-Up, Community Based Environmental Solid Waste Management, Environmental IEC Campaign and Eco-Academy

B. Food Security and Sustainable Livelihood
To ensure a sustainable livelihood for the community, eco-tourism include Buhatan River Cruise Visitor Center Buhatan River Mangrove Boardwalk are run by the community. Others include Organic Vegetable and Root crops Farming, Vegetable and Root crops Chips and by-products Processing and establishing a Zero waste store.

C. Empowered Communities
To empower the community, we provide product and Agri-Enterprise Development Training, Immersion and Learnings Exchange Program, Earth Warrior Training and Community Based Social Entrepreneurship Training

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We see social investment as a continuum that encompasses everything from philanthropy and venture philanthropy to impact investing, CSR and sustainable investment. We call this the “Continuum of Capital”.

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