BRLF is an independent society set up by the Government of India to upscale civil society action in partnership with Governments. The idea is to transform the livelihoods and thus the lives of the rural poor, especially the tribals of Central Indian Tribal Region. A Memorandum of Understanding was signed between BRLF and Ministry of Rural Development wherein Government of India decided to release $72.28 million for creating the corpus of the new society, in two tranches. In addition, funds would also be sourced from concerned State Governments, Banks, Corporate sector and philanthropic foundations. BRLF mainly works on three verticals-Grant Support to CSOs; Capacity Building; and Research and Knowledge Management. BRLF proposes to achieve its key outputs/outcomes through its strategic engagement with CSOs.The key thematic interventions which are supported by BRLF are – capacity building of local communities, rejuvenation of natural resources, sustainable agriculture practices, livestock development and facilitating access to rights and entitlements through the Panchayati Raj mechanism. The work of 59 CSOs has been concentrated in 1828 Panchayats of 139 blocks of 75 districts in 8 states viz., Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Jharkhand, Maharashtra and West Bengal, covering 5,84,830, households of which 4,35,882 belong to Adivasis, with 4,60,352, women participating in the program.