This report analyzes the experiences of India, Kenya, Mexico, and Myanmar in implementing the Guidelines for Effective Philanthropic Engagement, to bring foundations and governments closer together on a theme of common interest. A number of factors explain this trend, including the expansion of philanthropy worldwide, pressure on national budgets, and rising awareness on the need to break down silos and work across sectors to implement the ambitious 2030 Agenda. This report compares the results of surveys led in the four countries between 2015 and 2016 to diagnose the level and nature of engagement between foundations and governments. The report starts by sketching out the country contexts and highlighting their specificities. It then presents some key findings on aspects such as differences in the level of engagement between countries or the benefits of dialogue, as well as transversal challenges. It ends by suggesting drivers for engagement. The report will be updated as more countries commit to implement the Guidelines.