Policy Brief

Hong Kong Social Entrepreneurship Development Best Practices


The publication features the best practices of social enterprise development in Hong Kong. According to the report, social enterprises must fufill two key conditions: necessary (applying the managerial skills for socially constructive purposes) and sufficient (addressing neglected social problems, with a sustainable solution which based on the logic of empowerment; generating positive externalities and the benefiting the powerless segments of the society). In addition, the authors present the 3-stage life cycle of social entrepreneurship: starting up (government provides startup funding, new SEs need coaching on sales/marketing), actualizing (measuring social impact through Kirkpatrick model, building ecosystem within SE sector), and diffusion (catalyzing social, public and commercial sectors to pursue societal betterment, introducing recognition scheme to identify authentic SEs). In 2011, Fullness Social Enterprises (FSES) was set up by Fullness Christian Social Enterprise (FCSE) as a charity organization, aimed at promoting social entrepreneurship development in Hong Kong instead of directly operating SEs. The mission of FSES is to create proven knowledge for social entrepreneurship development by its practice-amdemia team.


A. Environmental Stewardship
To protect the environment, we organize programmes like mangrove nursery and Reforestation, Coastal and River Clean-Up, Community Based Environmental Solid Waste Management, Environmental IEC Campaign and Eco-Academy

B. Food Security and Sustainable Livelihood
To ensure a sustainable livelihood for the community, eco-tourism include Buhatan River Cruise Visitor Center Buhatan River Mangrove Boardwalk are run by the community. Others include Organic Vegetable and Root crops Farming, Vegetable and Root crops Chips and by-products Processing and establishing a Zero waste store.

C. Empowered Communities
To empower the community, we provide product and Agri-Enterprise Development Training, Immersion and Learnings Exchange Program, Earth Warrior Training and Community Based Social Entrepreneurship Training

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