The purpose of this paper is to highlight issues, opportunities, and challenges related to non-state providers and their partnerships with the State in fulfilling the rights to education for all in East Asia and the Pacific. While recognizing the State as being ultimately accountable for the equitable provision of education services, the paper looks at the challenges to traditional means of schooling and funding provided solely by the State. It discusses the potential shifts in the role of the State vis-à-vis that of non-state providers, by exploring a range of PPP models in education, benefits and risks commonly associated with them, and essential factors for establishing successful partnerships. Considerations for PPPs that contribute to improved opportunities to education for the poor are emphasized. This report is aimed at helping inform policy interventions and systems for advancing access to, and the quality of, basic services for the benefit of those children most in need.