Policy Brief

Public Stewardship of Private Providers in Mixed Health Systems


This report is about the role of the private sector in mixed health systems. Mixed health systems have centrally planned government health services that operate side-by-side with private markets for similar or complementary products and services, which often existed long before the creation of national health ministries. The report emphasizes the importance of effective stewardship by governments of their country’s health system, especially given the reality that the private (nonstate) part of the system is large and complex, with major challenges and significant opportunities. It illustrates this case firstly through demonstrating that most developing countries’ health systems have active private actors in the sector. Secondly, it discusses possible government stewardship mechanisms for mixed health systems, describing mechanisms that developed country governments use to better manage and harness their health markets, while acknowledging the challenges of implementing such mechanisms in the developing world. The final section offers ideas for accelerating progress toward improved stewardship of mixed health systems.


A. Environmental Stewardship
To protect the environment, we organize programmes like mangrove nursery and Reforestation, Coastal and River Clean-Up, Community Based Environmental Solid Waste Management, Environmental IEC Campaign and Eco-Academy

B. Food Security and Sustainable Livelihood
To ensure a sustainable livelihood for the community, eco-tourism include Buhatan River Cruise Visitor Center Buhatan River Mangrove Boardwalk are run by the community. Others include Organic Vegetable and Root crops Farming, Vegetable and Root crops Chips and by-products Processing and establishing a Zero waste store.

C. Empowered Communities
To empower the community, we provide product and Agri-Enterprise Development Training, Immersion and Learnings Exchange Program, Earth Warrior Training and Community Based Social Entrepreneurship Training

Did you enjoy reading this?

You might also be interested in

Policy Brief

Policy Brief: Good times ahead for Malaysian entrepreneurs

Policy Brief

Asia Policy Forum 2018: Insights from Flagship Events

Policy Brief

Impact Investment Report 2019