This paper studies the landscape and service needs of the Social Enterprise (SE) sector in Hong Kong. It was commisioned by the Home Affairs Bureau (HAB) and the Social Enterprise Advisory Committee (SEAC), which advises the Hong Kong SAR Government on the formulation of policies and strategies for supporting the sustainable development of social enterprises. The aims are to study the current landscape of the social enterprises (SEs) in Hong Kong to make innovative and long-term recommendations for the Government, the SE sector, and other stakeholders to support further development of the sector. The study is grounded on theory and empirical evidence, comprising public opinion poll, survey on SEs, focus group discussions and desktop research, that were carried out in the second half of 2013 to the first quarter of 2014. Compared to previous studies, it puts emphasis on the social value and innovativeness of the SEs in addition to their operational efficiency and financial return.