Policy Brief

Study of Social Entrepreneurship and Innovation Ecosystems in South East and East Asian Countries – Country Analysis: Japan


This Japanese country analysis is part of a series on the social entrepreneurship and social innovation ecosystems in Asian countries including China, Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Thailand and the Philippines. The comparative study provides a global analytical framework on characteristics, trends, challenges, and lessons learnt for building a supportive social enterprise ecosystem that leads social innovation in the different focus countries. According to the report, the development of the Japanese social enterprise ecosystem can be characterized by two milestones: the establishment of the Nonprofit Act in 1998 after the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake and the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011. After the Great East Japan Earthquake, unique ecosystem players that promoted social businesses emerged, which contributed to the diversification of support for social enterprises, particularly in accelerating the startup of new ventures. On a whole, in order to promote social entrepreneurship and to create innovative practices and policies, it is important to tackle issues related to corporate partnerships, the injection of private funds, and initiatives to foster social entrepreneurship at high schools and universities, and this Japanese case provides some learnings in this regard.


A. Environmental Stewardship
To protect the environment, we organize programmes like mangrove nursery and Reforestation, Coastal and River Clean-Up, Community Based Environmental Solid Waste Management, Environmental IEC Campaign and Eco-Academy

B. Food Security and Sustainable Livelihood
To ensure a sustainable livelihood for the community, eco-tourism include Buhatan River Cruise Visitor Center Buhatan River Mangrove Boardwalk are run by the community. Others include Organic Vegetable and Root crops Farming, Vegetable and Root crops Chips and by-products Processing and establishing a Zero waste store.

C. Empowered Communities
To empower the community, we provide product and Agri-Enterprise Development Training, Immersion and Learnings Exchange Program, Earth Warrior Training and Community Based Social Entrepreneurship Training

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