Resources

Social Investment Landscape in Asia

A guide to the opportunities for social investment in Asia

Introduction

About This Report

The aim of this report is to understand and document the existing and emerging landscape for social investing in 14 social economies. Now in its second edition, the Social Investment Landscape in Asia serves as a resource for funders and resource providers to assess the opportunities and challenges for social investment.

We present insights from qualitative research examining the essential characteristics of the social economy – ‘attractiveness’ of the region for investment, development challenges being tackled, the influence of legislative environments and governments in triggering the social sector, key actors in the social investment landscape and their journeys, recent trends and developments, the ecosystem for social impact, and opportunities, challenges and recommendations.

If [Asia] continues to follow its recent trajectory, by 2050 its per capita income could rise 6-fold in purchasing power parity terms.

ADB, 2011, Asia 2050 – Realizing the Asian Century

Our Markets

15 Social Economies

Global Markets

The Pan-Asia Market members comprise foundations, family offices, impact funds, corporations and intermediaries that are headquartered outside the region, but invest and work extensively across Asia-Pacific.

Australia

One of the most dynamic economies in the world, Australia has a long-standing giving culture. Local grant-makers are leading the movement towards long-term strategic philanthropy.

Cambodia

Two decades of strong economic growth have propelled Cambodia towards attaining lower-middle-income status in 2015. Diversification of the economy and improvement of basic social services including education and healthcare are key to achieve sustainable development.

Hong Kong

One of the most dynamic economies in the world, Hong Kong is a significant gateway for international capital and has a long-standing giving culture. Local mega grant-makers are leading the movement towards long-term strategic philanthropy.

Indonesia

Impressive growth in recent years is propelling Indonesia to the 7th largest economy in the world by 2030. The country’s rich tradition of religious giving and young and entrepreneurial demographic provide a strong foundation for social investment.

Japan

The island nation of Japan has the most developed economy in Asia. Private foundations set up by businesses and high net worth individuals have a rich tradition of grant-making, while some corporates have gone beyond philanthropy to establish funds investing in impact-driven enterprises.

Mainland China

A developing market and the 2nd largest economy of the world, China is emphasizing responsible business and investment to build a society of mutual prosperity.

Malaysia

Malaysia’s drive for innovation continues to underpin its emerging social investment market.

Myanmar

The amazing story of Myanmar is that despite great political turmoil (a nascent but unstable democracy) their economy is among the fastest growing in the world.

Philippines

With GDP growth rates hovering around 6.9%-7%, the Philippines is one of the top performers in Asia.

Singapore

Singapore has a very robust and vibrant social investment ecosystem.

South Asia

Over the past decade, wealth in South Asia has grown dramatically and with it comes more sophisticated and engaged philanthropists and social investors. This group is tackling many of the economic inequalities still challenging the country through market-based approaches.

South Korea

After several decades of demonstrating rapid economic growth, South Korea is now sprouting demand for sustainable investing.

Taiwan

Renowned for its export-oriented technologically intensive economy, Taiwan also has a long tradition of charitable religious giving. In recent years, mainstream investors have started investing in impact-driven enterprises.

Thailand

An upper-middle income country, Thailand has embarked on a reform programme towards achieving a high-income status. Significant government support for the social economy could become a driving force behind this effort.

Vietnam

Vietnam has become a destination of choice for global manufacturing firms. The country's high net worth individual population grew by 148% between 2007-2013, making it the fastest growing wealth market among the world's top 100 economies.

Social Economy

Insights from the 14 Social Economies

Fact File

Fact file provides an outlook for the 14 economies in Asia on their populations, GDP (PPP), Poverty, World Giving Index Rank and more.

Asia is one of the most dynamic regions in the world and home to many rapidly growing economies, which have resulted in great societal challenges associated with this growth as well as remarkable opportunities for philanthropy and social investment.

Asia’s diversity in terms of socio-economic environments and stages of development means there is no one-size-fits-all solution to the establishment of an impactful social economy.Recognising this, AVPN seeks to provide a holistic and contextual understanding of the 14 economies in Asia.

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Dashboard

The SDG dashboard is a measure of the progress made by each social economy towards the goals and targets laid out in the United Nations SDGs.

Asia is one of the most dynamic regions in the world and home to many rapidly growing economies, which have resulted in great societal challenges associated with this growth as well as remarkable opportunities for philanthropy and social investment.

Asia’s diversity in terms of socio-economic environments and stages of development means there is no one-size-fits-all solution to the establishment of an impactful social economy.Recognising this, AVPN seeks to provide a holistic and contextual understanding of the 14 economies in Asia.

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Social Investment Landscape in Asia