AVPN Global Conference 2023 | 20 - 22 June 2023


BUKDA: Sustainable Income for Indigenous Filipinos through Bamboo and Cacao Farming

BUKDA aims to provide sustainable income for the Indigenous People in Bukidnon, Mindanao, Philippines by training them on cultivating, harvesting, processing, and marketing bamboo and cacao products.


Bukidnon Umayamnon Tribe Kapu-unan To Mga Datu (BUKDA)

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Social causes


SDGs covered

Endorsed by

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Market of Implementation

  • Philippines


In the Philippines, there are around 102 million Indigenous Peoples (IPs) which are estimated to comprise 10 to 20% of the national population. The majority of these IPs depend on farming as their means of livelihood, including the Umayamnon Tribe who dwell in the province of Bukidnon.

With the dwelling location and resources as factors, there is a lack of livelihood options for sustainable income. This is an issue commonly observed which can result in hunger, illiteracy, sickness, environmental degradation, loss of biodiversity, and loss of cultural and social dignity.


It is clear that there is a pressing need to provide sustainable income for the Indigenous Peoples of the Umayamnon Tribe, and Bukidnon Umayamnon Tribe Kapu-unan To Mga Datu (BUKDA) has the solution for this.


At BUKDA, we aim to address the lack of sustainable income for the Indigenous People of the Umayamnon Tribe by introducing:
  1. Bamboo Farming
    • Bamboo is a fast-growing endemic plant in which every part of it can virtually be made into a variety of products. It is an alternative material for timber, thereby reducing deforestation. Bamboo is also more resilient to climate change and has significant carbon sequestration capacity.
  2. Cacao Farming
    • Cacao is considered an equatorial crop and the Philippines has a great potential of growing cacao. In fact, the Philippines has the ability to grow all of the three main cocoa bean types - Criollo, Forastero, and Trinitario cultivars.

Bamboo and Cacao Farming can increase short-term employment from tree planting, plantation maintenance, protection and management, and create long-term sustainable small enterprises by selling bamboo and cacao products, and hopefully, a share in the sale of Carbon Credits. In the manufacture of engineered bamboo products, the indigenous peoples get a share as sustainable income, and promote social-cultural bonds in the Ancestral Domain.

For more information on our solution, do refer to our Slide Deck.

Type of Carbon Reduced/Sequestered

CO2 (Carbon Dioxide)

Amount of Carbon Dioxide Equivalent Avoided/Sequestered

130 tons per hectare per year (approximate)

Means of Measurement

By the measurement of biomass above-ground and below-ground.

Project’s Environment & Climate Capability

Climate Risk Reduction, Coordination on Climate Change Measures and Activities Across Relevant Actors

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