Society for Promotion of Area Resource Center (SPARC)

SPARC (Society for the promotion of area Resource centers) is an NGO that works in partnership with two community-based social movements of the urban poor called the National Slum Dwellers Federation and Mahila Milan. It has been working since 1986 with city federations associated with these two movements to address a women-centered network that seeks to stop evictions and get cities and national governments to address the issues of urban informality. It engages urban development agencies to work WITH communities to document their presence and to develop norms and standards that work for them. The alliance and its work is recognized as the federation model, which is adopted by 33 countries affiliated with the Shack/Slum-dwellers International (SDI).

SPARC work has led to policies for delivering urban sanitation and water to informal settlements. It has also produced policies to design community-driven relocation and resettlement for large infrastructure projects.

Organisation Representative

Endorsers that Society for Promotion of Area Resource Center (SPARC) partner with


United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Aavishkaar Capital is the equity arm of The Aavishkaar Group which manages in excess of US$1 billion in AUM across equity and credit. The Group’s shareholders include TIAA-Nuveen, Shell Foundation, Triodos Bank and Dutch Entrepreneurial Development Bank.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

As the United Nations lead agency on international development, UNDP works in 170 countries and territories to eradicate poverty and reduce inequality. UNDP help countries to develop policies, leadership skills, partnering abilities, institutional capabilities, and to build resilience to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. UNDP’s work is concentrated in three focus areas; sustainable development, democratic governance and peace building, and climate and disaster resilience. In Asia and the Pacific, covering 36 countries and territories, UNDP is a trusted adviser and a ‘development partner’ of choice for governments across the region in supporting the localization and achievement of SDGs.

On-going/Past projects

Closing the Loop

By Society for Promotion of Area Resource Center (SPARC)

SPARC is working on a nature-based decentralized sewage and wastewater system for villages adjoining waterbodies and recycling it for farming and fishing, in the peri-urban Mumbai Metropolitan Region.

Affordable Housing, Climate Action and Environment, Conservation, Gender, Governance, Health, Livelihood and Poverty Alleviation, Water and Sanitation and Hygiene